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So Cypress remains timeless, if short, its charm helped in part by superintendent Jeff Markow, who re-established Mackenzie's unique bunkering with the help of old photographs.7 . To American visitors, the look of Sunningdale brings to mind Pine Valley or Pinehurst.21 . Mac Kenzie made a brief visit the following year and suggested the bunkering, which was constructed by greenkeeper Mick Morcom before he built Royal Melbourne's two courses. | Southport, England | 7,156 yards, par 70Site of Jordan Spieth's remarkable Open victory in 2017, Royal Birkdale has also been the venue for past Women's British Opens, Ryder Cups, Walker and Curtis Cups. Forty years after that, grandson Martin revised the course for its ninth Open Championship, the one Spieth tried to throw away on the 13th before quickly rallying, going birdie-eagle on the next two holes to ultimately win by three.24 . By moving just 4,000 cubic yards of earth, and letting the winds shape (and reshape) the bunkers, the duo created what is undoubtedly the most natural golf course in America. Cape Kidnappers was also the International winner of a 2012 Environmental Leaders in Golf Award, co-sponsored by Golf Digest.29 . One drawback is that the putting surfaces are so old-fashioned that they're too steep for today's green speeds. The greens are no longer Ross, replaced 50 years ago in a regrassing effort that showed little appreciation for the original rolling contours. Dick Wilson replaced them in 1947, his own version meant to the imitate crests of waves on the adjacent Atlantic. Russell incorporated a few of those holes.) A slight flaw may be that all four par 3s play in the same northerly direction. | Dublin, Ohio | Jack Nicklaus & Desmond Muirhead (1974) | 7,392 Yards, par 72This is the course that Jack built, and rebuilt, and rebuilt again and again. They also built a pond on another par 3 and relocated the green on the par-4 18th. | Pete Dye (1991) | 7,356 yards, par 72The first course designed for a specific event -- the 1991 Ryder Cup -- this manufactured linksland-meets-lagoons layout might well be Pete Dye's most diabolical creation. The fairways flow through a natural valley between flanking mountain peaks.MUIRFIELD | Gullane, Scotland | 7,245 yards, par 71Muirfield is universally admired as a low-key, straightforward links with fairways seemingly containing a million traffic bumps. The bunkers are long, sinewy, shaggy, gnarly, windswept and, of course, strategically placed. | France | 6,584 yards, par 70A timeless 1927 design north of Paris by British architect Tom Simpson, Morfontaine looks suspiciously like a heathland course around London, with windswept Scotch pines and clumps of heather atop a base of sand. George's Hill, and the forest surrounding holes is far denser. Three generations of the Hawtree design firm, oldest in the world, are responsible for Royal Birkdale. did the present design, with its surprisingly flat fairways and docile greens between towering dunes, in 1931. Although minor adjustments are made each year, the course design seems timeless and unchanged.25 . The club keeps a running tally on how many putts end up off the putting surface.30 . In the past year, Bill Coore & Ben Crenshaw redesigned the bunkers again, along with exposing some sandy expanses in the rough. For composite tournament play, East's holes 1-3 and 16-18 are used along with 12 of the West holes.34 . Since its opening in 1974, Jack Nicklaus has remodeled every hole at Muirfield Village, some more than once, using play at the PGA Tour's annual Memorial Tournament for some guidance. | Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada | 7,014 yards, par 71An outstanding Stanley Thompson design, it's routed through forest-covered glacial land, with meandering fairways that diagonally traverse valleys to greens perched on domes. Sadly, he died in 1948, so Robert Trent Jones got the job. LINKS (CHAMPIONSHIP) | Scotland | 7,421 yards, par 71Perhaps the homeliest, certainly the longest and toughest of Open venues, Carnoustie is a no-holds-barred layout intended to test the best. George's, in dunes along the English Channel, is what writer Adam Lawrence calls the ideal mix of championship golf and gentle quirks. | Donald Ross (1925) | 7,152 Yards, Par 70Back in 1979, George Fazio and nephew Tom were roundly criticized by Donald Ross fans for removing a classic Ross par 4 on Oak Hill East and replacing it with two new holes, including the bowl-shaped par-3 sixth, which would later become the scene of four aces in two hours during the second round of the 1989 U. There is talk that the club may remodel those holes, to bring them more in line with Donald Ross' original style. If it happens, it will likely occur before Oak Hill hosts the 2023 PGA Championship.43 . Every hole is edged by sawgrass, every green has tricky slopes, every bunker merges into bordering sand dunes. Will that be a harbinger of a bigger USGA event to come? | East Lothian, Scotland | 6,458 yards, par 71North Berwick must be played with good humor. Some holes are guarded by gurgling brooks, but Fazio piped several streams underground to make the course more playable and walkable.
45 Club at Nine Bridges, designed by Ronald Fream and then-partner David Dale. | Hunter Valley, Australia | 7,312 yards, par 72No other course on the World Top 100 is so brutally honest about its intention to be a ball buster.
(The entire project, including land, clubhouse, condos and spa, cost 0 million.) The site was volcanic rock, capped with 150,000 cubic yards of sand as a base for bent-grass fairways and greens. The routing is stunning, a clockwise front nine, counterclockwise back nine, with seven holes hunkered down on the ocean, no more than 20 feet above the surf. Despite the site being inland, artificial rocks edging most of the lakes leave the impression of a jagged coastline.
The site had natural streams edged with massive Japanese Maples and 20-foot-tall Korean Azaleas, but they also transplanted 300 mature evergreens like Kryptomeria and cedars for additional color. The sea is on the left on holes five through eight, on the right on holes 15 through 17. Jack Nicklaus Golf Club Korea hosted the 2015 Presidents Cup, won by the U. team captained by Jay Haas over the International side headed by Nick Price.
Gil Hanse performed some course restoration prior to the 2013 U. The secret is Doak moved a lot of earth to make it look like he moved very little.41 . They pulled it off so impressively that Friar's Head has moved steadily up the rankings, from No. THE CLUB AT NINE BRIDGES | Jeju Island, South Korea | 7,196 yards, par 72Our Korean affiliates call The Club at Nine Bridges the Taj Mahal of Golf. Bill Coore used the usual C&C construction team, though.52 .
After all, architects Ronald Fream and David Dale spent an estimated million in the early 2000s creating it. CASA DE CAMPO (TEETH OF THE DOG) | La Romana, Dominican Republic | 7,471 yards, par 72The Dominican Republic is now a major golf destination. Pete Dye has been periodically rebuilding and updating his earliest international masterpiece following repeated hurricane damage. KOREA | Incheon City, South Korea | 7,470 yards, par 72Lying in the shadow of skyscrapers in the Songdo International Business District, this is an impressive Nicklaus design, one that transformed a flat, dull site into a surprisingly rolling, pine-dotted layout with water on 11 holes, equitably distributed with six hazards to the left and five to the right.
Pine Valley blends all three schools of golf design—penal, heroic and strategic—throughout the course, often times on a single hole. All that tinkering has resulted in an amalgamation of design ideas, with a routing by Alister Mackenzie and Bobby Jones, some Perry Maxwell greens, some Trent Jones water hazards, some Jack Nicklaus mounds and swales and, most recently, extensive rebunkering and tree planting by Tom Fazio. (CHAMPIONSHIP) | Newcastle, Northern Ireland | Old Tom Morris (1889) | 7,186 yards, par 71On a clear spring day, with Dundrum Bay to the east, the Mountains of Mourne to the south and gorse-covered dunes in golden bloom, there is no lovelier place in golf. As the 2013 Walker Cup reminded us, Macdonald's versions are actually superior in strategy to the originals, which is why National's design is still studied by golf architects today, its holes now replicated elsewhere.