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Another three women - Lea Nass, Gila Gamliel and Orit Noked - hold deputy minister positions and a final woman, Tzipi Livni, is leader of the opposition.
In the 2008/09 academic year, women made up just under 30% of all academic staff at Israeli universities and colleges, with the majority of those being lecturers in the humanities and social sciences.
Since the establishment of the state, the ratio of unemployment among females has been slightly higher than that of males, though it dipped lower than the male ratio for the first time in 2009.
That year, 7.5% of the women civilian labor force (109,000) was unemployed in comparison with 7.6% of men (122,000).
Known as the “Iron Lady” of Israeli politics, Prime Minister Golda Meir served from 1969 to 1974, and was only the third woman to serve as Prime Minister in the world.
Beyond politics, women have become a central part of the Israeli judicial system.
In 2010, there were 1.34 million women working either full or part time in the civilian labor force compared with 1.55 million men.