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The (roads)—among them the Via Appia (known in English as the Appian Way), the Via Aurelia, and the Via Flaminia—that led to ancient Rome.
Masses of modern apartment buildings rise in the districts outside the centre, where, by contrast, contemporary construction is less conspicuous., enclosed most of the Esquiline and Caelian hills and all of the other five.
It was built into ramparts that dated at least from the early Roman Republic.
Locals refer to it as the “wedding cake” or the “typewriter.” Useful as well as ornamental, it contains a museum of the 19th-century cultural revival.Area city, 496 square miles (1,285 square km); province, 2,066 square miles (5,352 square km). (2011) city, 2,617,175; province, 3,997,465; (2007 est.) urban agglom., 3,339,000; (2016 est.) city, 2,873,494; province, 4,353,738.Rome was in practice part of Carolingian Italy, but the popes had a great deal of autonomy and also religious status.For well over a millennium, Rome controlled the destiny of all civilization known to Europe, but then it fell into dissolution and disrepair.Physically mutilated, economically paralyzed, politically senile, and militarily impotent by the late Middle Ages, Rome nevertheless remained a world power—as an idea.