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Leonnatus intervened, nominally in support but in fact ambitious to usurp Antipater’s power; he was killed in action, however.
In the end Antipater won, Athens capitulated, and Demosthenes (the voice and symbol of anti-Macedonian feeling) committed suicide.
Cassander, who was a statesman, had founded two great cities, Cassandreia and Thessalonica, as well as rebuilding Thebes.
His death in 297 was a prelude to more disturbances.
Antigonus, however, failed to conquer Egypt, and the other rulers also took the title of king.
Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Ptolemy formed an alliance against Antigonus and Demetrius, and at Ipsus in 301 the allies, with the help of a force of elephants brought from India by Seleucus, defeated and killed Antigonus.
From the breakup of Alexander’s empire there arose numerous realms, including the Macedonian, the Seleucid, and the Ptolemaic, that served as the framework for the spread of Greek (Hellenic) culture, the mixture of Greek with other populations, and the fusion of Greek and Eastern elements.
Nothing shows the personality of Alexander the Great more clearly than the way in which people who had seemed pygmies at his side now became leaders of the world he had left behind.
Cassander murdered Rhoxane and young Alexander in 310, soon after Antigonus had vainly tried to crush Seleucus.Then, in 319, Antipater died and was succeeded by a senior commander but maladroit politician named Polyperchon, who tried to win the Greeks of the mainland by a new proclamation of their liberties.The result was that the Athenians used their freedom to execute the pro-Macedonians, including the worthy but compromising Phocion. Eumenes, allied with Polyperchon, challenged Antigonus and secured Babylon, but he was betrayed and killed in 316. Polyperchon’s position was weak, and he was soon ousted by the able, up-and-coming Cassander.Demetrius, also in 306, crushed Ptolemy in a naval battle and secured Cyprus and the Aegean, though he failed in a famous siege of Rhodes (305–304).Antigonus and Demetrius now proclaimed themselves joint kings in succession to Alexander.
Antipater reestablished Macedonian authority autocratically, with no nonsense about a “free” League of Corinth.